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Yak-3

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The "standard" uniform Driver GC3 as provided by française.Défini stewardship as a "funny" uniform by the pilots themselves even as consisting of three different nationalities: 
Russian for the pants and boots Soviet infantryman, English for the "battle dress" and for the French army cap in the air.

 
M ven "battle dress" pants and even used as required summer flight. It was not uncommon to endorse a Canvas Canadian fur collar and hood if the need arose. Prescription and gloves gun belt. 
Parachute and flight helmet leather VVS
C and aspiring carries a stuffed jacket Soviet invoice closed its "battle-dress" short at the waist, blue foncée.La shirt is khaki and black tie. Brown trousers and boots "jumper" leather.
C anada leather used in flight
Drawings by Loic Derrien

T enue winter Ivanonovo 1442/43.Toque in fur, leather jacket stuffed, stuffed pants and boots "seven leagues" in dog skin as described by Yves Mahé.Le scarf brown silk could be raised up at eyes.

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June 22, 1941

 Germany broke the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact of non-aggression and attack the USSR.


Current 41 to February 42

Representatives of Vichy are declared persona non grata by the Soviet authorities and are asked to return to France. 
While in Istanbul, Colonel Luguet attached Air, defected and joined London. 
Again, an analysis Valin is the general situation differs significantly from the view that the British are. These imply a rapid defeat of the Soviets in the light of lightning beginning of the German offensive. 
General De Gaulle is informed of this analysis and it sees the opportunity to recognize its legitimacy among allies. 
He thinks of First to send an infantry division to fight the Soviets. Given the difficulty of this project and on the recommendation of General Valin, he proposed to send an air unit.


February 1942

The 19 , two officers fluent in Russian language are designated to take with the Soviets, Colonel Luguet and Mirlesse commander. 
Soviets study the proposal with interest. 
An initial list of drivers is communicated to the Soviets 25 . 
captain is believed to Commander Jubelin to take command. It is preferable Joseph Pouliquen.However we keep the assistant was expected to Jubelin the Tulasne commander.

Drivers included on the original list 

Lieutenant Commander : 
Jubelin Captain s: Tulasne Littolff, Vaissier, Lieutenants: Delange, Beguin. Deputy Lieutenants : Beraud, Bernard, Héliès, Maridor of Molènes, Oléon, Reilhac Réveilhac.Contenders : Albert , Bizien, estaria of Fretay-Gaudard, La Poype, Leblond, Lefèvre, Legal, Mahe Nioloux, Risso Rousselot, Van Wymeersch.
 

March 1942

Against all odds, the 27 , the Soviets representatives emit an agreement in principle.

June 42

Confirmation General Valin commanders Tulasne Pouliquen and creating unity. They are responsible for recruitment. 
they set off for Rayak to Syria where he was expected to mount the unit. 
A list of drivers said. 
Meanwhile Franco-Soviet negotiations continue despite the political obstacles and twists of fate .

July 42

Negotiations specify and entering their final phase.

September 42

The list of drivers stuff and the staff is almost complete. 
The first, De Gaulle formally sign the creation of the new group hunting. 
must find a name and after much hesitation, it retains the name as the name of Normandy baptism of the future unity. 
Meanwhile, Syria continues to train on two D520.

November 42

The 12 departure to the USSR via Iraq and Iran. 
late November Signature of the final agreement on sending a fighter unit to fight the Soviets.

The first contingent (28.11.42) (in alphabetical order)

Aspiring Marcel Albert
Lieutenant Beguin Didier
Aspiring Bizien Yves
Aspiring Castelain Christmas
Lieutenant Raymond Derville
Aspiring Albert Durand
Aspiring La Poype Roland
Aspiring Marcel Lefèvre
Captain Albert Littolff
Aspiring Yves Mahé
Lieutenant Jean de Pange
Lieutenant Poznanski Andre
Lieutenant Albert Préziosi
Aspiring Joseph Risso
Aspiring Schick Michel
Commander Jean Tulasne

 

December 42

The two arrived in the majority of staff in Russia. 
Pouliquen is recalled and Tulasne takes its sequel (the change will not be formalized until March 43). This was done so in order to reassure the Soviets. Pouliquen the commander is not a cabin, it put them uncomfortable. 
Choosing Yak mount as the group.

Note the choice of Yak:
(For more details sue material see the "aircraft")

From the start, it was quickly clear that politically it would be difficult to choose something other than Soviet equipment so as not to offend the host country. 
Despite the Anglo-Saxon pressure, the French choose the Yak. 
A closer look, the relevance of this choice was not that political justifications. 
Indeed, Hurricane and P39 (approached by the Anglo-Saxons ) are not in 42 or modern or truly adapted to the specific conditions of the Soviet operation theater. This last quality, Yak aircraft indigenous production, has fully and French will never regret their choice. Throughout the war, they were able, thanks to this choice, benefit from the latest developments of the Yak.There would probably have been that way if the choice was on Western aircraft. 
Moreover, non-negligible detail, say Tulasne who personally tested all the proposed NN aircraft, the Yak had a behavior very close to the D520.

Early training in Ivanovo on UT2, U2 and Yak7. 
difficult climatic conditions. Temperatures up to -35 ° c. 
mechanics also train outside these temperatures.

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January 43

Arrived in Ivanovo first Yak1, 19. 
Starting first training flight operations. 
Numerous flights are made. 
The French slowly acclimatize to their host country. Rustic food and wine found almost ...

February 43

The 23 , Pouliquen left the band and joined the military mission in Moscow.

March 43

The 11 , the commanding general of the Air Moscow region inspects the group. He is dazzled by the quality of the demonstration of French. 
's 14 , Tulasne says ready for battle group. 
's 16 , staffing Yak reached fourteen devices. 
's 19 , it is the representative of the High Command of the Soviet Air Force and General Petit who say the group combat capable. 
's 22 , the group flew to its first operational base near Polotniani-Zavod. He arrived the same day.

 

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March 43

The group is attached to the 303rd division hunt. It is commanded by General Zakharov, veteran fighting in Spain and incident Kalkin Ghol. Share his many experiences abroad, it is the most cosmopolitan of Soviet generals. This will, on several occasions, an advantage for the French. 
The first flights took place. Drivers Normandy are accompanied by guide planes to help familiarize themselves with their area of operation. 
The first output is effected by war and Derville Durand taking off on alert. They will not be able to intercept the reconnaissance aircraft.

April 43

The 5 first real combat flying. Patrol escort three Pe2. They are attacked by two FW190. The first crashed in flames suites shots Préziosi and the second will be recorded as likely to Durand. Congratulations telegram to be received by the first victories. 
's 13 , misfortune falls for the first time on the group with the loss of Derville, Poznanski and Bizien. Two FW190 are claimed and the Soviets will count three victories in three missing drivers. 
's 15 , the Normandie was ordered to go on a field near Mosalsk. The group arrived there on 16 .

First lessons learned by Tulasne commander:

Working Conditions : 
The squadron arrived at the front in full thaw, ie, the worst period of the Russian year. The temperature cold enough still requires initiation of the engine long enough (hot water and hot oil). Mechanics provide work for about fourteen hours a day. The movement of aircraft on the ground between the cells and the track often requires thirty to forty minutes and the help of all staff of the squadron, this for all aircraft before and the return of the missionInstallation : The Soviet personnel released only comfortable base building to install the squadron. The food is excellent in every way: quantity and quality, often wine, vodka for pilots and mechanics whenever there is a war mission. Morale : It is excellent. Obviously, the working conditions in the USSR in winter seem harder pilots coming directly from England, accustomed as they were to mess with well-appointed and comfortable accommodation land, the largest city and distractions nearby overflights territory enemy group of 50 to 150 aircraft.However, they quickly become accustomed to the new conditions of war. First impression of the Soviet command in less than a month, Normandy won the esteem of all. Bombers, protected by the squadron had no loss. The Soviet command was very impressed with the holding of the group, the quality of leadership and pilots, the organization of missions, tactical battles and gave instructions to the commanders of the 29th regiment belongs Normandy to investigate and take such the French.







 


The group is now less than forty miles from the front.
's 17 , Normandy, accompanied by six Yak 18th Regiment under his command, goes to attack a German airfield. It will be a complete success.

May 43

2, Lefèvre kills a Henschel 126. 
The three , sixteen missions cover are made. The same Lefèvre, accompanied by a Me109 The Poype shade while they are engaged by four 190 and two 109. 
Later the same day, another shade Durand Henschel 126. 
's 7 , two raids were mounted against a field near Spas-Demensk. In total, the base and the surrounding roads, the group destroyed two twin-six aircraft damage and causes the loss of forty-three trucks, two cars and a tank. 
Mahe does not fit the raids and will be captured by the German after being denounced by children. 
General Small protests against the use of Normandy in these conditions that do not correspond to what was agreed. Now, Normandy is confined to hunting. 
The 10 arriving in reinforcement of lieutenant Bernavon and aspiring Good. 
's 15 , and A.Littolf N.Castelain slaughter a Me110 and scare away a Me109. 
's 18 , arrival of the aspirant Alexander Lawrence. 
Transfer the 20 field-of Koselsk Lubny where the group will blow a dozen days.

June 43

The 2 , Khationki becomes the new basis of Normandy.

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April 1945

On 07 April, the NN moved on Bladiau 
The 08 , 190 on a down J.André Koenigsberg 
The 09 , promotions coming ... are appointed captains Charras Douarre, Moynet, J.Sauvage, La Poype, The Martelot, Risso . Aspirants pass under lieutenants. Unfortunately for many it will be posthumously 
The 12 G. Henry drops a 190 releasing St Marceaux.C is the last victory of the season but unfortunately also the last death of NN ... G.Henry find death the same day the ground because of the bombing due to the naval artillery that hit the airfield Bladiau. 
's 13 , Althof mutation to 
the 30 back to where Bladiau join the "Old" ... captains and Albert and Poype

End and Back 
in May / June 1945

On 08 May the NN Heiligenbeil moved to the field where the first left German bombers on 1 September 1939 
The 09 , reinforcement 13 pilot arrives and is loose on yaks but cessations of hostilities occurs. Nn the regiment was reorganized to 4 squadrons 
The 12 , the regiment moved to Elbing to return to France. After a succession of orders and against-orders for the entire month and distinction to the dignity of Hero of the Soviet Union S / Lt and André Lefebvre (posthumously for the latter) June 5 
The 09 June the Normandie Niemen is allowed to return to France "weapons in hand," ie, with planes of honor reserved for winners in Russia. 
's 15 , the ordes General Zakharov, 40 devices Normandie Niemen fly to Posen 
The 16 pilots are Prague 
's 17 , they are in Stuttgart, where he is received by General de Lattre de Tassigny 
The 20 , they arrived at St Dizier and leave in the afternoon to Paris le Bourget where they are greeted with enthusiasm we guess.

Normandie Niemen in figures

273 victories in 5240 war missions, 43 pilots killed, 4 drivers prisoners and seven injured drivers hors de combat is 54 out of 95 (57% loss) make the first French unit awards and one of the best regiments Soviet fighter.

 
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A Drien Bernavon born 11 December 1912 in Lyon. 
Chief Warrant Officer in 1939 Bernavon demonstrated its know-how to control a chasseur.Durant the campaign in France, in the GCII, flying a Morane 406, it down three "Dornier 17". He added to his palmares three other probable victories. 
Indochina He will fight under the command of Captain Pierre Pouyade, future commander of GC3 Normandy, in the squadron 2/595. 
IT will know quite an adventure similar to that lived it by escaping Indochinese aboard a Potez 25 who fall out of fuel over the jungle.Il pose somehow his camera and although wounded, he join the Chinese lines at the cost of running forced through the mountains. 
late 1942 he was posted to the Middle FAFL orient.C is where he volunteered for the GC3 Normandy. 
He joined the group Mosalsk May 10 1943.Il then lieutenant . 
He was wounded on June 13 of the same year but subsequently resumed his place in the squadron. 
Adrien Bernavon disappear July 16, 1943 during a patrol coverage in the area controlled by Jean Krasnikovo Tulasne.Avec him diparaitront the same day Albert Littolff and Noel Castelain. 
His body was never found. 
registered He had four wins and two probable. 
Bernavon Adrien was a Knight of the Legion of Honor, companion release, holder of the Military Medal and Croix de Guerre 1939-1945

 

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Pilot - 2nd Lt.Adrien Bernavon. Khationki, June 1943
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* M aurice Good born in Elliant east of Quimper in southern Finistère February 10 1920.Brillant in his studies, he must, like Marcel Lefèvre, the popular aviation obtaining his patent civilian pilot June 1938.Il enters the Air Force in February 39 and he lives in Montpellier defeat and an armistice. August 31 following it démobilisé.Réintégré in May 41 he volunteered for French West Africa after an assignment Provence.C is well on his way to Madagascar via Dakar in March 1942.C is here that the first hours total flying war Morane 406 mainly. 

Volunteer for the "Normandie" on January 43, after his involvement in FAFL he joined the regiment May 15, 43 with the rank of ensign. 

He took part in the Battle of Orel and destroy enemy aircraft between July 6 and October 43. 

13 the same month he is on a mission north of Gorki with Pouyade, Mourier, Risso, La Poype and Roger Denis when the group meets eight FW190. Three FW be slaughtered by the first two sets, but Roger and Maurice Denis Good will not return. Shot, Maurice Good to be buried near the Russian Church Gorodetz then destroyed, but his body will in fact never found after the war. 

Maurice Bon was the owner of the Croix de Guerre with palm 4, military medal and Order of War for the Fatherland posthumously.

 

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The aspirant Alexandre Laurent joined the GC3 Normandy May 18, 1943 at Mosalsk.

It is integrated with 2 Squadron where he distinguished notement in October 44 seat 2 Fock Wulf 190. 

He left the unit in December of the same year with old.

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nom.gif* A ndré Balcou was born March 11, 1920 in Paris (17th). June 10, 1938, he enlisted in Versailles, for a period of three years. He was first assigned to Istres Air Battalion, and on August 28, 1939, he was transferred to Chateauroux, always Battalion Air. 

September 18, 1939, he was assigned to the School Assistant Steering Nîmes.September 30, 1940, the Air Base Salon-de-Provence. 

On 15 April 1941 he was posted to 565 Squadron Hunting. This unit is stationed at the base at Diego Suarez, on the island of Madagascar. On the occasion of the British landing on Madagascar, he joined FAFL, November 15, 1941. He signed his commitment December 12, 1942. Then the rank of Warrant Officer. 

1 May 1943, he volunteered for the GC3 Normandy operating on the Soviet front.Like all NCO pilots, he was appointed Midshipman before joining his new unit. It is part of contingent reinforcement to bridge the severe losses of the unit. 

July 20, 1943 (some sources give June 9), under the command of Major Pierre Pouyade, he finally joined the GC3 Normandy, on the basis of Kathionki. 

September 19, 1943, he shot down a Ju87 Stuka in collaboration with Joseph Risso. 

The next day he was killed during an engagement against a FW190. It falls near the village of Kniaje Selo near Ilena. The Russian then buried near the village.In 1953, with ten other bodies of fallen French pilots in Russia, his remains will be brought back to France and buried in Béziers. 

holds the Military Medal, the Croix de Guerre and the Order for the Fatherland (Soviet decoration) .

 

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The e-Lieutenant Jacques Mathis was born December 2, 1914. 

Managing to leave France in 1942 after several unsuccessful attempts, Jacques Mathis joined the Free French Air Force. Upon his arrival in Britain, he volunteered for the chase group that joined Normandy in June I943. 

operational upon arrival in the USSR, he took the offensive of the Soviet central front in the battles of Orel, Bryansk, of Ielnia and Smolensk. It appears immediately as an excellent recruit. 

fighter pilot, a moral foolproof, he knows even the most difficult and maintain mental composure that make it a "leader" of the most influential times. _ 

Patrol Leader, calm and decided, he quickly gained four official victories through his address, his tenacity and courage in battle. 

Surprised by enemy fighters superiors in number, he went down in flames September 6, 1943. However, he managed to regain the Soviet lines despite severe burns to his face and hands. By his attitude and his courage he was greatly admired by his fellow French and Soviet combat. 

Repatriated to England, there again, upon healing, the struggle in the Free French Air Force until August 31, 1944, where he is death on air services operated at night.

Source: "Memorial companions Liberation" . 

Companions died between June 18 and May 8, 1945

 

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nom.gif* J ean Tedesco was born March 28, 1920 in Paris. This is a brilliant mind.He passed the entrance ve at the School of the Air competition. It integrates this school, Salons de Provence, 1 December 1939. It is therefore the promotion in 1940. This allows him to leave officer. Thus he was appointed lieutenant March 21, 1940. He received his military pilot May 19, 1940. 

Pressured by German troops that challenge the Allied armies, the School of the Air, which was based in Mont-de-Marsan retreated to Bordeaux. She arrived June 19, 1940. John Tedesco then refuses to lay down their arms, so he decided to join Britain to continue the fight. 

Like other drivers that end up in units FAFL, he went to Port-Vendres. They are disguised as Polish officer and, with the help of Polish leaving conquered France, he sailed for England. Thus he embarks June 24, 1940 on the freighter Apappa disguised as Polish officer. He landed in England, Liverpool, July 6, 1940. 

He immediately signed her commitment to the Air Force of Free France. But, like all the French pilots, he must begin his training in the Royal Air Force. It is directed towards the base of St. Athan, near Cardiff (Wales).He finds the first French pilot who joined the British Isles. 

Unlike some of his comrades, he needs a full training. It is then transferred to Odilham, which opens Elementary School Steering Franco-Belge.This is where he began his apprenticeship. 

It follows the normal formation of a RAF pilot by joining then the 6 Service Flying Training School Turnhill. At the end of this course, he receives the wings of the patent of the Royal Air Force. Then, on 17 August 1941, he was paid the 59 Operationnal Training School Crosby-on-Eden. . What is the normal cycle 

. A first promotion, granted September 24, 1941, allows it to reach the rank of Lieutenant 

is finally assigned to a front line unit: 257 Squadron RAF. But soon it will reach the first unit Hunting Free France made ​​on British soil: 340 "Free French" Squadron, otherwise known Fighter Group 2 "Ile-de-France." He joined November 7, 1941. This unit is, at that time, controlled (as is often the case) by a British officer, Squadron Leader Keith Loft. This unit is in training, and you must wait until the unit is operational for the unit came under French command and combats the frontline. 

Finally, when the unit is declared operational, it is attached to the famous 11 Group, was the backbone of Fighter Command throughout the Battle of Britain. Better yet, the 340 Squadron was posted to Tangmere Wing glorious.At this time, the unit was commanded by Lieutenant Philip Scitivaux. There are indeed drivers after the Air Force and Naval Aviation in this unit.Moreover, the mechanics are largely the "Royal". John Tedesco is attached to the squadron 1 GC2. It is under the command of Captain Bernard DUPERIER. 

missions over France, will bring their share of fights. John Tedesco there noted as a leader of exceptional patrol. May 3, 1942, he took part in a fight against the FW190, a fairly new plane is tough to Spitfire Vb (which are the most common at this time model, which is the mount of 340 Squadron).In short engagement, he shot an enemy above the Pas-de-Calais device, but his plane was hit hard. It must lay face down on the ground Manston. 

GC2 He left October 15, 1942, for 611 Squadron RAF was. This unit is based on the very famous Biggin Hill base. He obtained a second victory on a FW190 November 2, 1942, above the handle. 

But he returned on November 23 of the same year at 340 Squadron. Meanwhile, 28 October 1942, he received from the hands of General de Gaulle, the Croix de Guerre. 

2 December 1942, he was sent to rest. It is mute, for it at 1 Delivery Flight. It is a conveyor unit. Then, on 28 April 1943 he was assigned to the staff in London. 

seporte He volunteered to join the GC3 Normandy fighting on the Russian front. He was among the first reinforcements that complements the strength of this unit. He arrives at his new unit 9 June 1943. Processing on Yak is fast and Jean Tedesco participates in missions relatively quickly. 

On July 14, 1943, the GC3 must protect Il2 Sturmovik in the Russian sector Balkov. Hunters Yak9 of Normandy face Bf110, which soon form a defensive circle. Second Lieutenant Marcel Albert sees Lieutenant Tedesco dive on German twin. The yak behind a plume of smoke. It crashes, Jean Tedesco is missing ... 

John Tedesco was a Knight of the Legion d'Honneur, Croix de Guerre with two palms and a Companion of the Liberation.  

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* L ouis Astier was born in 1909 in Briffons (63) 

Engaged in Naval Aviation in April 1929, he is a licensed pilot six months later to become seaplane pilot in March 1930. 

Serving in the civil aviation factory Hanriot (which nationalized in 1936 form with Farman SNCAC), it is recalled to the colors in September. He then became instructor pilot cadets at the School of Air Versailles. 

Having participated in the Battle of France, he was demobilized in 1941. A few months later, he joined the FAFL London. 

In August 1943, the Sub-Lieutenant ASTIER joined the USSR in the Normandy. 

frole He died during a flight U2 liaison with Jean Rey in August 1943, when it passes through the German lines. Flak supports them severely but despite the damage, Astier manages to bring the little biplane in the Russian lines.Unfortunately Jean Rey does not survive this adventure, killed by shrapnel. 

Louis Astier leave the regiment and a half months after this episode to reach the Middle East. 

It will survive the war but find death in Saigon October 30, 1949 , following a disease.

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There's more, just need to find the time.  Thanks for your kind words mon ami.  I'm going to start capturing Mission Editor matches with the Normandie Niemen featured. In a couple of weeks or so, just look for them on the BoS videos thread.  Question for you Olife.  Know of any aerial french music, sort of on the lines of the Battle of Britain movie sound score?

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There's more, just need to find the time.  Thanks for your kind words mon ami.  I'm going to start capturing Mission Editor matches with the Normandie Niemen featured. In a couple of weeks or so, just look for them on the BoS videos thread.  Question for you Olife.  Know of any aerial french music, sort of on the lines of the Battle of Britain movie sound score?

hello bud!

 

no probs my friend and thx for this very good thread!take your time my friend,no probs for delay ,i can imagine how much work it takes to do it!!thx again!!

 

for your question,i don't know a french music similar to the battle of britain sountrack but here are a links about famous french war songs,maybe it can interrest you for what u search:

 

1- the song of the french air force called "race d'aiglons"(something like "we are the eagles"):http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LTcjp2zuTgI

2- the song of the french resistance of ww2 :http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sUZWlf_vuKg

                                                                      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g3D9M5-4tWg

3-the french military song " la strasbourgeoise" talk about a father ,daddy goes and died to war: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wlogKJhiGOQ

 

hope it can help u,tell me if u search for more!

thx again!

 

friendly

olife

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Thank you mon ami, greatly appreciated.

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Thank you mon ami, greatly appreciated.

thanks bro!!!!!!!!!!

always a pleasure!!!!!!!!

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ves Mourier was born September 30, 1912 in Avignon. Son of a general of division and younger brother of a general aviation division, Comptroller General of the hunt.

On his twenty-first birthday, he enlisted in the aviation Avignon in the 2nd Battalion of the Air. Student pilot, he obtained his patent July 3, 1934. In October 1935, he was assigned to the 1st Fighter Squadron at Villacoublay and the 5th Squadron of Fighter Group 111/7 in Dijon 28 June 1939 . The lieutenant Mourier particularly stands May 14, 1940, when, in the space of a few hours, he shot four "Henschel 126." A week later, he was appointed to take command of the 5th squadron. On the evening of the Battle of France on 20 June 1940, down another "Hs 126". Lieutenant Mourier was transferred in July 1941 to the 5th Squadron of Fighter Group 111/6. 

arrived while the Armistice of Saint Jean d'Acre is about to be concluded Yves Mourier is not time to participate in the Syrian campaign. On 11 July 1941 the Dewoitine 520 "fails and forces a forced landing on the Turkish coast. Imprisoned in Ankara, he escaped in March 1943 after an extraordinary odyssey, he joined the FAFL the Levant and door volunteer for the "Normandie." He joined the group in URSSle September 14, 1943 and took an active part in the first campaign 1943.Le October 13, in the area of Smolensk, he shot his first "Fw 190." Beginning of a nice winning streak since that date to September 19, 1944, Captain Mourier (promoted Dec. 25, 1943) hangs three of these aircraft to his credit. 

Appointed commander of the 2nd squadron in February 1944, he left for reasons Health classmates December 12, 1944. He ended the war with nine confirmed victories.

mourier9t.jpg
 
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ves Mourier was born September 30, 1912 in Avignon. Son of a general of division and younger brother of a general aviation division, Comptroller General of the hunt.

On his twenty-first birthday, he enlisted in the aviation Avignon in the 2nd Battalion of the Air. Student pilot, he obtained his patent July 3, 1934. In October 1935, he was assigned to the 1st Fighter Squadron at Villacoublay and the 5th Squadron of Fighter Group 111/7 in Dijon 28 June 1939 . The lieutenant Mourier particularly stands May 14, 1940, when, in the space of a few hours, he shot four "Henschel 126." A week later, he was appointed to take command of the 5th squadron. On the evening of the Battle of France on 20 June 1940, down another "Hs 126". Lieutenant Mourier was transferred in July 1941 to the 5th Squadron of Fighter Group 111/6. 

arrived while the Armistice of Saint Jean d'Acre is about to be concluded Yves Mourier is not time to participate in the Syrian campaign. On 11 July 1941 the Dewoitine 520 "fails and forces a forced landing on the Turkish coast. Imprisoned in Ankara, he escaped in March 1943 after an extraordinary odyssey, he joined the FAFL the Levant and door volunteer for the "Normandie." He joined the group in URSSle September 14, 1943 and took an active part in the first campaign 1943.Le October 13, in the area of Smolensk, he shot his first "Fw 190." Beginning of a nice winning streak since that date to September 19, 1944, Captain Mourier (promoted Dec. 25, 1943) hangs three of these aircraft to his credit. 

Appointed commander of the 2nd squadron in February 1944, he left for reasons Health classmates December 12, 1944. He ended the war with nine confirmed victories.

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hello bud!

 

very good!like always!!millions thx!!

 

friendly

olife

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N e 29 August 1914 in Roubaix. 

Jules Joire was mobilized 23 August 1939 the squadron quarter of Reims. His condition signage indicates that less than a fortnight, in May 1940, he felled five enemy aircraft. 

On May 25, he was wounded by two bullets in the head and thigh during a fight above Beauvais. These serious injuries, which led him to Douarmenez, failed to prevent it from reaching England, fishing boat, on 18 June 1940. His choice was fixed in advance. 

Volunteer for the first shipment of the Free French Forces in the West Africa, it is charged with a special mission to Dakar. Taken prisoner by the Vichy authorities, he escaped at the end of 1942, by Spain to join the Allied camp again and continue the bout. 

Volunteer again, it is then for the squadron Normandie, where he participated in operations by the end of 1943 • On 18 March 1944, he suffered a mid-air collision in training with the aspirant Maurice Bourdieu above Tula; Jules Joire managed to jump but it is caught in its descent by plane pulls his parachute.Both men perished in the accident. Buried in Moscow at first, his body was repatriated to France and buried in the military cemetery in April 1953 Tourcoing in the north (ordredelaliberation.fr source). 

It was then described as "remarkable Pilot, driven by an unshakable faith in victory, a spirit of absolute sacrifice and the most ardent patriotism, and you could add: He left all his comrades the memory of a great aviator, a great patriot and a great fighter II. led to victory, eighty combat missions. "

Jules Joire received the following decorations:

Knight of the Legion of Honour 

Companion of the Liberation - Decree of 28 May 1945 

Croix de Guerre 39/45 (5 citations) 

Medal of the Resistance with Rosette 

Medal Wounded 

Medal Shawshank Redemption 

From Volume "Memorial companions Liberation-mates died between June 18 and May 8, 1945" 

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N e 29 August 1914 in Roubaix. 

Jules Joire was mobilized 23 August 1939 the squadron quarter of Reims. His condition signage indicates that less than a fortnight, in May 1940, he felled five enemy aircraft. 

On May 25, he was wounded by two bullets in the head and thigh during a fight above Beauvais. These serious injuries, which led him to Douarmenez, failed to prevent it from reaching England, fishing boat, on 18 June 1940. His choice was fixed in advance. 

Volunteer for the first shipment of the Free French Forces in the West Africa, it is charged with a special mission to Dakar. Taken prisoner by the Vichy authorities, he escaped at the end of 1942, by Spain to join the Allied camp again and continue the bout. 

Volunteer again, it is then for the squadron Normandie, where he participated in operations by the end of 1943 • On 18 March 1944, he suffered a mid-air collision in training with the aspirant Maurice Bourdieu above Tula; Jules Joire managed to jump but it is caught in its descent by plane pulls his parachute.Both men perished in the accident. Buried in Moscow at first, his body was repatriated to France and buried in the military cemetery in April 1953 Tourcoing in the north (ordredelaliberation.fr source). 

It was then described as "remarkable Pilot, driven by an unshakable faith in victory, a spirit of absolute sacrifice and the most ardent patriotism, and you could add: He left all his comrades the memory of a great aviator, a great patriot and a great fighter II. led to victory, eighty combat missions. "

Jules Joire received the following decorations:

Knight of the Legion of Honour 

Companion of the Liberation - Decree of 28 May 1945 

Croix de Guerre 39/45 (5 citations) 

Medal of the Resistance with Rosette 

Medal Wounded 

Medal Shawshank Redemption 

From Volume "Memorial companions Liberation-mates died between June 18 and May 8, 1945" 

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great work bud!millions thx for sharing!

 

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olife

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Companion of the Liberation


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November 11, 1940, we start with some comrades from North Africa to Gibraltar. Six days after we sink to the Balearic Islands, the Spaniards gather us and return in France. A judge at engaging smile, let us bail. I took the opportunity to slip in North Africa with the false and the false map permission, only objects to Franco's henchmen were not robbed me.


Landing in Algiers ... but I posted. Rearrest, I must present myself at the port every morning at 10:00.


Although I am a deserter assigned squadron, but a telegram benevolent Vichy referred me to Setif surveillance.


On 1 September 1941, convened by the Civil Court, it spoils; I think to "borrow" an airplane. A lawyer consulted promises me acquittal, I try my luck, result: one year. Maritime jail welcomes me, but the regime does not suit me, and, with the other prisoners we start, just to distract us a hunger strike. To reward us, we move toward the military prison at Leboursouk. The story continues, until we refuse to enter the cells. Arabs refuse. The police are reluctant to number six; finally, mobile guards make us a little waltz démonstrationde butts. A little jaded, we return chained.


The slogan: "No soup" is rigorously followed ... Eight days without eating. I only lost four pounds. One morning, visit a commanding general of Tunisia, it commits us very fatherly to "maintain our health," but that attracts dismissive response: "! Keep yours"


Finally the hospital and released.


SPRING 1942 Algiers. I'm paid to gliding and passes six months without serious hitch. That's when the long-awaited event. On a beautiful morning, the Americans arrived , now the real fight will start, I immediately put my shed at their disposal, but the rest of the squadron file inward, perhaps resist thinking.


Upon their return, I harvest one month off for "desertion". But I am not surprised at anything, and spends thirty days in an attic gendarmerie open to all the winds with a blanket and a meal a day, which has never been the system of strict arrest.


Finally this is the last stand with the RAF on "Spit".


Taking Pantellaria, where I bring my second Boche, a "Ju 88".


The squadron "Normandie" is formed. I immediately my request, and that is when the best companion, the Boche fleeing from East Prussia until Vitebsk. I knew the Russians, their magnificent army, the enthusiasm of Soviet soldiers fighting for the same ideals, I spoke with workers who finished their fifteen hours at the factory were still volunteers for additional work.


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Constantin Feldzer right of the photo (all rights reserved)


Beautiful union of the army and the people in a common goal: "the war for the homeland."


Thirty missions in the USSR; last: free hunting East Prussia 2500 meters. Suddenly "Ju 87" escorted "Focke-Wulfs" link, pledge, the fight is serious, machine guns chattering, the melee is general, it settles and suddenly I start looking for my patrol.


Sudden noises disturbing! My taxi vibrates strangely, it is the "seed", the left wing stands must jump. The plane explodes; slap a parachute, and I ask myself, slightly messed up near Vilkavitchki.


Another hometown that I had not visited!


SS approach, they did not seem willing; one of them occurs, "a warm home hard" is literally undercut me, the most insignificant formalities and interrogation prison. I'm in pretty bad shape, fortunately a nurse heal me, I am ready for some eighty interrogation, during which the Germans are trying to denigrate me the Russian army.


I adopt a neutral attitude of French pilot, knowing nothing of the army and the Soviet regime.


camp, 300 and 150 grams of bread a day, and 2 liters of rutabaga soup.


The diet is strict but enhanced by the magnificent solidarity that unites all Soviet officers with whom I live, those who can manage, selling some small artifacts, forming band that Germans like much, or mowing everything they find, work for all prisoners.


In 1941-1942, two million Russians died of starvation, mistreatment, or killed with bayonet (very discreetly remove unnecessary mouth). Boche guards, in the latter case, rewarded by a few days of leave.


I decided to flee; escape is a priori always possible.


An alternative: from work, day, or saw through the bars at night; I adopt the second solution. Sawn bars, open the shutters, I managed to call a French worker who also wants to take off; everything is agreed to Feb. 14, but dogs, round, shelling delayed us until March 6. The shutters are open from the outside, 6 pm; must pass round 10 o'clock and midnight before attempting "beautiful."


That evening, not round, the Germans were celebrating an important strategic retreat.


At 3 am, we decided to play our luck. I am a captain with Russian aviator, old shepherd, and factory worker. He discovered through a civil aviation flying club, the war has done an outstanding officer of righteousness and patriotism foolproof. An example to ponder.


The adventure begins. Carefully concealed compass will guide us to freedom.


Morning to walk to the southwest; the day we have to hide; in twenty days, a few potatoes and supreme delicacy forty-five jars of honey found in the hive; twenty days walking exhausting night.


Finally we are at the front line, 20 km from the Rhine.


Must pass. One morning, the artillery was unleashed, it spits all sides, left, right, front, back and quiet, nothing! We go; linen bloody indicates queles troops passed. Westward march, tanks! American or German? We avoid; still 12 km;Finally, a uniformeallié: it's an American captain who collected me. I eat! I eat a plate ...


Everything is not done, then back in France, and for that, across the Rhine.


Normally it takes, but I'm a little pressed. One solution, become a prisoner, German this time. I cross the Rhine truck, I crowd this time the soil of France and suddenly everything seems very simple, everything I just spent so natural.


Friendly faces smile at me despite my uniform convict, and Wednesday evening March 28, Paris, lights, the Paris of the war, but Paris ...


My brother was shot by the Germans , I got permission to leave Russia, I want to attend the final and the brave Soviet soldiers that I know now and deserve our admiration so, I want to participate in the development death of the xxxx monster.


Testimony by J. Defendini (journalist)


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a dedication of Jules Roy Constantine Feldzer said "Coca".


 


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R ené MARTIN was born in Dijon in the Cote d'Or. Entered aviation in 1937, he released the Hanriot school Bourges third on 54. 

pilot the Storks Escadrille, 7th Wing Hunting Dijon, he participated in the campaign of France and I939/I940 Campaign Tunisia from 1942 to 1943. 

He joined the GC3 Normandy in January 1944 in Tula. He left the USSR in June 1945.

René Martin will then have 7 wins to his credit (including two shared, according to sources). 

Lieutenant Colonel reserve René Martin will look after the War of farms and farming equipment cultures. 

René Martin died in 1982.

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nom.gif* A ndré Moynet was born in Saint-Mande, east of Paris in Val-de-Marne 19 July 1921. 

In 1939 he joined the Air Force where he obtained his patent a few months later. 

In June 1940 he joined the FAFL. He was posted to 340 Squadron in May 1942. 

GC3 He joins the Normandy LE26 January 1944. 

It is within this group that its assets will his his most brilliant fight, attacking alone (in a patrol six Yaks3) a group of three FW190 sector Gumbinnen (East Prussia) October 23, 1944, he shot down two and damaged third (this memorable outing enable the squadron to claim six killed and two FW190 damaged .) 

On his eight wins in total, four are obtained in the Normandy. 

He left the regiment December 12, 1944.

 

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The e yak9 Andre Moynet, June 44, Dubrovka
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G eorges Lemare was born November 16, 1917 at Barenton (Manche). Engaged at 19, he passed his pilot's license in Bourges Hanriot School in July 1937. In September 1939 he was a sergeant in the 4th Fighter Wing stationed at Reims and immediately engaged with his unit, the 2nd Squadron Group Hunting 114, equipped with "Curtiss p 36". Young ardent hunter and "go-getter", it grants 13 January 1940, one of the first German aircraft of the war, a "Domier 17", it forced to land on the soil of France. May 19, 1940, he gave his full measure and patrol composed of Eric Alencon, Robert Milbeau Lemare and wonders. At the Armistice, he has four citations to the Order of the Army and he went with his unit to Dakar, where he remained until July 1942. He returned to France, is surprised by the events of November 1942, escapes immediately and spent six months in prison in Spain. But he then find joy in North Africa, his former unit, the 2nd Squadron Group quarter, and its leader Captain Delfino. Equipped with "P.39 Airacobra" and stationed at Reghaia the quarter due to the Coastal Command. But the Coastal Command, hours monitoring convoys and Germans too scarce, decided to follow his enthusiasm flight commander, Captain Delfino, to fight in Russia "Normandie" he joined March 18 1944. Again, it works wonders. Born Hunter, Lemare has the "sense of place" and he is the chief feature. It gleans seven citations to the Order of the Army and the Air Force Hunting. He returned to France with thirteen official victories that rank among the "Ace" of the French hunting. January 26, 1948, it will crash Romainville flying a Bloch 161.

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Yak3 number 56 assigned to George Lemare Heiligenbel May 1945

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hi bud!

 

millions thx for sharing!

great job as always gentleman!!

 

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olife

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hi bud!

 

millions thx for sharing!

great job as always gentleman!!

 

friendly

olife

Thank you mon ami, check out the video section, I have made a few on the Normandie Niemen.

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